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Italian citizenship by marriage or civil union


Italian citizenship by marriage or civil union
    1. Step 1 Registration
    2. Step 2 Application lodgement
    3. Step 3 Consular verification
    4. Step 4 Evaluation by the Ministry of the Interior
    5. Step 5 Decree, notification, oath (conclusion)



The acquisition of Italian citizenship by a foreign or stateless spouse who has married an Italian citizen after April 27, 1983 is currently regulated by Law n. 91 of February 5, 1992 (articles 5, 6, 7 and 8) and subsequent amendments.

Applications for Italian citizenship can also be submitted by foreign citizens whose civil union with an Italian citizen has been registered in the civil status registers in an Italian municipality (Legislative Decree 5, 6 and 7 / 2017).

The foreign spouse / member of the civil union can acquire Italian citizenship upon request, if they meet the prerequisits of the current legislation, as explained in the following sections.

Normative references:

Law N.123 of 21 April 1983
Law No. 91 of 5 February 1992
Legislative decrees N. 5, 6 and 7 of 19 January 2017
Law Decree N. 113 of 4 October 2018 (safety decree), converted by Law N.132 of 1 December 2018
Law Decree No. 130 of 21 October 2020, converted into Law No. 173 of 18 December 2020



  • Being a resident of the consular district:
    • applicants must forward their application to the Italian Embassy in Maputo;
    • the spouse / member of the civil union of Italian nationality must be resident and duly enrolled in the registry of Italians residing abroad (AIRE) of the Embassy of Italy in Maputo and living at the same address of the citizenship applicant. Otherwise he/she must provide documentation proving the reason (eg work, schooling of children, medical care or other) which determines or has determined the need for a separate domicile;
  • Application deadlines: if the spouse is an Italian citizen iure sanguinis an application can be lodged three years after the marriage / civil union; if naturalized after marriage, the three years will run from the date of the naturalization. The three-year period is reduced to one and a half years when there are minor children born or adopted by the spouses;
  • Marriage / civil union registration: if the marriage / civil union has taken place abroad, it must have been registered at an Italian Municipality;
  • Validity of marriage / civil union and stability of marriage / civil union bond required until the granting of citizenship. In order to grant Italian citizenship, on the date the decree is issued, the dissolution, cancellation or cessation of the civil effects of the marriage / civil union (personal separation, divorce, death of the spouse or member of the civil union) must not have occurred. );
  • No record of being convicted by the Italian judicial authorities for crimes resulting in more than three years of imprisonment;
  • No record of being convicted by foreign judicial authorities to a sentence of more than one year for non-political crimes;
  • No record of crimes against the Italian State;
  • No record of attempting to obstract the security of the Republic of Italy;
  • Knowledge of the Italian language not lower than level B1 of the Common European Framework of Reference (QCER);
  • Payment of taxes and fees as indicated in the documents and costs section.



  1. Extract of the birth certificate or equivalent: in original, if possible issued no later than six months by the country of birth, complete with all details (including paternity and maternity), duly legalized / apostilled and translated into Italian.
  2. Criminal Certificate issued by the country of origin and of any third countries of residence (starting from 14 years of age) - except Italy - and of the countries of which one is a citizen, in original, issued no later than six months before the presentation of the application, duly legalized / apostilled and translated into Italian.
    The applicant is exempted from presenting the criminal certificate of the country of origin only if he left it before the age of 14 and did not retain his citizenship.
  3. Receipt of the € 250.00 payment in favor of the Ministry of the Interior, as explained in the "Costs" section.
  4. Identity document: photocopy of a valid passport (pages with personal data, photograph, release and expiry dates) or identity card.
  5. Copy of the marriage deed or extracted summary of the marriage register, to be requested to the relevant Italian municipality where the deed is registered, if possible issued no more than six months before the application. This document can be attached at the time of submitting the application as a "generic document" and must be shown when summed at the Embassy.
    PLEASE NOTE: If the applicant is an EU citizen, he can self-certify in place of the marriage certificate, family status and certificate of citizenship of the spouse / part of the civil union (Presidential Decree 445/2000).
  6. Certificato di conoscenza della lingua italiana non inferiore al livello B1 del Quadro Comune Europeo di Riferimento (QCER) o titolo di studio rilasciato da un istituto di istruzione pubblico o paritario riconosciuto dal Ministero dell’Istruzione, dell’Università e della Ricerca e dal Ministero degli Affari Esteri e della Cooperazione internazionale.
    Certificate of knowledge of the Italian language not lower than level B1 of the Common European Framework of Reference (QCER) or qualification issued by a public or equal educational institution recognized by the Ministry of Education, University and Research and by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.
    The CLIQ (Italian Language Quality Certification) certification bodies - if possible in collaboration with local Italian cultural institutes - are exclusively the University for Foreigners of Siena, the University for Foreigners of Perugia, the Roma Tre University and the Dante Alighieri Society in Maputo.
    The following categories are not required to present the qualification of knowledge of the Italian language:
    1. Foreigners (even if resident abroad) who have signed the integration agreement as referred to in art. 4 bis of Legislative Decree. N. 286/1998 of the Consolidated Immigration Act;
    2. Holders of EU (or CE) residence permits for long-term residents referred to in Article 9 of the same consolidated act.



STEP 1Registration

The applicant must register on the portal of the Ministry of the Interior (

Please note that the email address declared on the portal when submitting the online application constitutes an elected domicile (Article 47 of the Italian Civil Code), therefore it is necessary to frequently check the email box as all communications relating to the citizenship application, including requests for document integration, summons, notifications of measures, etc. will take place ONLY via email.

STEP 2Application lodgement (AE Form)

Once registered, the applicant will be able to complete the application online and enter all the required documents on the portal of the Ministry of the Interior: (
Any questions of a technical nature or content relating to the online application must be addressed directly to the Ministry of the Interior, which has set up an assistance service with dedicated FAQs and HelpDesks.


  • DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH must be entered in the registration form as indicated in the birth certificate.
  • PERSONAL DATA shown in deeds and documents formed abroad by the relevant foreign authorities must be reported. In case of discrepancies, supporting documentation should be provided.
  • The application should indicate if there were any minor children of the applicant, born from a previous relationship.

STEP 3Consular verification

The Consular Office will be automatically informed of the submission of the application and will proceed with the necessary CHECKS.
The applicant will then receive via the portal of the Ministry of the Interior, an email relating to acceptance or inadmissibility of the application.
In case of acceptance of the application, the applicant will be summoned to the Embassy by email for the authentication of the signature on the citizenship application, for the delivery of all the ORIGINAL paper documentation, including that was previosly attached through the Portal, for the payment or confirmation of the payment of consular duties.
All the above documentation will be kept in original by the diplomatic-consular representation, with the exception of the passport and the language certificate, for which a certified copy will be made with relative payments.

STEP 4Evaluation and terms of procedure

The assessment of the application and the definition of the procedure are the exclusive competence of the Ministry of the Interior: 24 months from the date of submission of the application - extendable up to a maximum of 36 months - for citizenship applications submitted from 20 December 2020 (date of entry into force of Law no. 173 of 18 December 2020). If the application has been positively evaluated, the Ministry of the Interior will send the decree conferring Italian citizenship to the Embassy of Italy in Maputo.

STEP 5Decree, notification, oath

The decree conferring Italian citizenship will be notified - via the portal - with an email message to the address provided by the applicant during registration. In accordance to national legislation, upon notification, documents aimed at verifying continuing marital bond will also be requested. These documents must have been issued after the adoption of the decree:

  • full marriage certificate issued by the relevant Italian municipality;
  • criminal certificate of the country of current residence, duly legalized and translated (see documents section);
  • certificate of existence in life of the spouse / member of the Italian civil union if not present at the time of the oath.

On the date the decree is issued, therefore, there must be neither dissolution, cancellation or termination of the civil effects of the marriage or civil union nor personal separation (separation sentence).
Within and no later than six months from the notification, the interested party will be summoned to the consular offices to take an oath of loyalty to the Republic and its laws.
The payment of the duty stamp on the decree is expected.
The complete marriage certificate must be requested to the Italian Municipality where the deed has been registered; the criminal certificate is requested from the competent Authorities in the country of residence and must be legalized / apostilled and translated, as explained in the "documents" section.
The person concerned will take an oath of allegiance to the Italian Republic by saying the words:


The effects of the oath, or the acquisition of Italian citizenship, will be effective from the day following that of the oath.
The original birth certificate will be sent to the relevant Italian Municipality for transcription, together with the request for AIRE registration and the report of the oath taking.



If the applicant is a citizen of an EU country, he/she can self-certify that his/her spouse / member of the civil union is an Italian citizen, the marriage / civil union bond with an Italian citizen and the composition of the family.
The information, data and documents already in the possession of the Public Administration are acquired ex officio, subject to the interested party informing on how to find the requested information (Presidential Decree 445/2000).

€ 250.00 payment in favor of the Ministry of the Interior, exclusively to the account provided by the Ministry of the Interior (the receipt should be included in the online application)
“Ministero dell’Interno D.L.C.I Cittadinanza”
Bank name: Poste Italiane S.p.A.
IBAN code: IT54D0760103200000000809020
Reason for payment: Richiesta cittadinanza per matrimonio ex art. 5 L. 91/1992 and name and surname of the applicant
Poste Italiane BIC / SWIFT code: BPPIITRRXXX (for international bank transfers)
BIC / SWIFT code: PIBPITRA (for EUROGIRO circuit transactions)

Articles of table of Consular duties being applied:

  • Authentication of signature on the application: art. 24
  • Revenue stamp on the application: art. N / A
  • Legalization of translator's signature: art. 69
  • Certified copy of a valid identity document: art 71
  • Certified copy of the linguistic certification: art. 71
  • Compliance of the translation of civil status documents and criminal certificates: art. 72
  • Revenue stamp on the citizenship decree: art. N / A.